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Basic Japanese phrases

OK, so you've decided, that you'd like to learn some of the most common and well-known phrases in Japanese. Or you already know some words, but are not quite sure about their meaning. This is the right section for you.

Greetings

English
Romaji
Kana
nice to meet you
hajime mash'te
はじめまして
good morning
ohayoo (gozaimas')
おはようございます
good afternoon
konnichiwa

こんにちは

good evening
konbanwa
こんばんは

good night

oyasumi (nasai)
おやすみなさい
see you
jaa
じゃあ
goodbye
sayonara
さようなら

In the phrase "hajime mashite" the second "i" is not pronounced. In "ohayoo gozaimasu" the "u" is not pronounced. In general, when "su" is at the end of a word, "u" is never pronounced. The double "o" in "ohayoo" stands for prolongation of the sound, like in "door" in english. The words in brackets can be omitted.

Polite phrases

English
Romaji
Kana
How are you?
Ogenki desuka?
おげんき ですか?
I'm fine, thanks.
Watashiwa genki desu. Arigato.
わたしは げんき です。ありがとう。
Thank you
Arigato

ありがとう

Thank you very much
Domo arigato gozaimasu
どうも ありがとう
ございます

Please (requesting s'thing)

Kudasai
ください
Please (offering s'thing)
Dozo
どうぞ
Excuse me (to get attention)
Sumimasen
すみません
Sorry (mistake)
Gomen nasai
ごめん なさい
Do you speak english/japanese?
Anatawa eigo/nihongo o hanashimasuka?
あなたは えいご/にほんご を
 はなしますか?
Yes/no/a little
Hai/iie/chotto
はい/いいえ/ちょっと
Do you understand?
Wakarimasuka?
わかりますか?
I understand/I don't understand
Wakarimasu/
wakarimasen
わかります/
わかりません
I don't know
Shirimasen
しりません

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